What to see in Segesta Print

The temple of Segesta is an unfinished doric temple. It is located just outside the perimeter of the ancient city of Segesta, in the NW of Sicily. The inside of the temple of Segesta The inside of the temple of Segesta The temple was build by the Elymian people, probably around 430-420 BCE, but it was never completely finished. It is build on a hill top just outside the ancient city of Segesta with a commanding view of the surrounding area. It is a doric temple, peripteral with 6×14 columns on a base measuring 21×56m and three steps high. The structure of the temple is intact with entablature and tympanums in place, but it was clearly never finished. The columns are unfluted, the tabs used for lifting the blocks are still present on the base, and there are no traces of a cella or a roof. The temple of Segesta is by construction, style and size a standard product for the late 5th century BCE, but its unifinished state and its remarkable, almost perfect state of conservation makes it one of the most important surviving hellenistic temples in the world.
Greek Theater.
Up on top of a nearby hill, Monte Barbaro, sitting at 400m above sea level is the semicircular theatre, built around the same time. The wonderful views made stage scenery unnecessary as the surrounding countryside provided a natural backdrop to the action taking place on stage. Today, during the summer months, the theatre is used as a venue for Greek plays, concerts and other events. The walk up from the Temple may be a little taxing for some people but fortunately there is a shuttle bus.
Calatafimi is a small town and it was one of the first to be occupied by the Aghlabids from Ifriqiya in their conquest of Sicily, and was one of the last centers of Islamic culture after the end of the Norman rule. The excavations near Segesta have revealed a 12th-century Islamic necropolis and mosque. There are also reference to an Islamic-period town called Calathamet, on the border of the territories of Calatafimi and Castellammare del Golfo. From 1336 until 1860, Calatafimi was feudal territory under Habsburg and Spanish nobles, despite three attempts to regain an independent status (1399, 1412 and 1802).
It was on a hill near Calatafimi, called Pianto Romano, that, in 1860, Giuseppe Garibaldi and his Mille first encountered the troops of the Bourbons on a battlefield (see the Battle of Calatafimi). This was the first significant battle of the Italian unification (or Risorgimento) and it was at this battle that Garibaldi was said to have uttered the famous battle cry: "Here we make Italy, or we die". A memorial, in the form of large stone obelisk containing an ossuary of the remains of those fallen in the battle, currently marks the hilltop.

The Hotel Terme Gorga rises near Calatafimi Segesta, on the east side of the "Hot River", close to the territory of Alcamo, a famous city of the wine. It is characterized by the possibility to have optimal thermal services: the waters gushing out from the source approximately 50 meters above the sea level, are collected in a natural basin between argillaceous agglomerates and maintained at a constant temperature of 51°C. The waters and the muds that constitute their natural precipitate without adding of clay or other substances have been widely studied for their natural therapeutic properties. Chemical-physical and bacteriological surveyings, systematically executed to the Institute of Hygiene of the University of Messina, guarantee their therapeutics valence as hyper thermal alkaline-solfuree mineral waters, their purity and their potability.

 

 

 
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Segesta, map
Segesta, temple
Segesta, temple
Calatafimi
Segesta, greek theater
Segesta, temple
 
Segesta, greek theater
Segesta, Gorga spa
Segesta, Gorga spa
Segesta, map of Gorga
Segesta, Gorga spa

 

 

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